Coronavirus Updates: Millions Locked Down in California as Barriers Rise Worldwide

More than seven million residents in the San Francisco Bay Area have been ordered to confine themselves to their homes, joining the ranks of Italy, Spain, France and China.

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Powell Street on Monday in San Francisco, California.Credit...Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Countries across the globe are closing their borders, restricting travel and locking down cities. In the United States, President Trump recommended limiting groups to fewer than 10 people.

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More than seven million residents in the San Francisco Bay Area have been ordered to confine themselves to their homes, joining the ranks of Italy, Spain, France and China.

“It’s bad,” President Trump conceded, as financial markets tanked and economists warned of a steep recession that might already be underway.

“We are at war,” President Emmanuel Macron of France told his people.

The enemy is invisible and insidious, gathering strength from the bonds of human connection. So public health officials were asking people the world over to sever those ties.

While nations, states and localities offered differing restrictions with varying degrees of enforcement, the message was coalescing around a simple if daunting challenge: Keep your distance.

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In the United States, the Trump administration warned against gatherings of more than 10 people, and to work from home if possible and avoid unnecessary travel. Bars and restaurants should be avoided, or closed in areas where the virus was rapidly spreading, officials said.

The guidelines apply for the next 15 days, but President Trump warned that the restrictions could grow more stringent and last well into summer. While the rate of infections has declined steeply in China, for instance, many of the harsh restrictions on movement there are still in place after more than six weeks.

The stepped-up action in the United States was driven, in part, by a report compiled by British researchers warning that 2.2 million people could die in the country in the absence of strong action by the government and individuals to slow the spread of the virus.

New Jersey residents have been asked not to leave their homes from 8 p.m. until 5 a.m. A curfew is being considered for New York City.

In Italy, the scale of the epidemic is evident in the bodies left behind. With the oldest population in Europe, the country has suffered more than 2,100 deaths, and hospitals and morgues are inundated.

The European Union proposed a 30-day shutdown of nonessential travel into the bloc from other countries — an urgent attempt to keep internal borders as open as possible to promote European solidarity. But on Tuesday, nations within the bloc continued to close themselves off from their neighbors.

Across Europe, as the number of cases steadily climbs and nations impose ever more stringent restrictions on movement, many countries are racing to bolster their health care systems and promising billions of dollars in assistance to help businesses and individuals.

After yet another devastating day on Wall Street on Monday, the Asian markets stabilized on Tuesday. But fears that the crisis could lead to a recession grew darker.

The price of oil fell below $30 a barrel, its lowest level in four years.

The scale of the crisis in the Middle East remained shrouded in mystery. The virus has ravaged Iran and spread widely across a region torn by war, divided by religion and often paralyzed by political turmoil.

Around the world, around 180,000 cases have been reported. More than 7,000 people have died. But more than 80,000 people have recovered.

And on Tuesday morning, the family of the actor Tom Hanks said that he and his wife had been discharged from the hospital and were now recovering from the infection in self-quarantine.